This review summarizes browse on disorders out-of speech manufacturing into the Down disorder (DS) into the reason for informing logical characteristics and you will powering future look.
Report on the new literary works is according to looks using MEDLINE, Google Pupil, PsycINFO, and you may HighWire Push, also planning away from reference listing during the retrieved documents (and additionally on the web offer). Search terms showcased functions connected with voice, articulation, phonology, prosody, fluency, and you can intelligibility.
Another findings pertain to five big regions of review: voice, message aplicaciÃ³n de citas asexuales audio, fluency and you may prosody, and you will intelligibility. The initial big city was voice. Even if plenty of research has claimed towards the vocal abnormalities in DS, biggest inquiries continue to be regarding characteristics and you may frequency of your own phonatory diseases. Outcome of perceptual and you may acoustic research has started mixed, it is therefore hard to mark organization results or even to pick sensitive and painful steps having upcoming studies. Another major urban area try address sounds. Articulatory and you may phonological research has shown you to definitely message models during the DS are a combination of delayed advancement and mistakes perhaps not noticed in typical advancement. Put off (we.age., developmental) and you can disordered (i.elizabeth., nondevelopmental) patterns is actually clear from the age in the three years, even if DS-relevant abnormalities possibly are available earlier, in kids babbling. The third major area was fluency and you will prosody. Stuttering and you can/otherwise cluttering take place in DS at costs away from ten%–45%, compared to about step 1% on general populace. Lookup in addition to things to high disturbances in prosody. The latest last significant urban area try intelligibility. Studies continuously tell you designated limits here, however, just has just provides the lookup went beyond effortless score bills.
(2011). A glance at search toward address intelligibility and you can correlations which have acoustic features [Technology Report CSLU-11-002] (pp. 1–16). Portland, Or : Center to have Verbal Vocabulary Expertise, Company away from Biomedical Engineering, Oregon Wellness Science School .
(2009). Phonological reliability and intelligibility in connected speech regarding boys that have sensitive X syndrome otherwise Off syndrome. Diary of Message, Code, and Hearing Browse, 52, 1048–1061.
(2006). An evaluation out-of dental structure and you can dental-engine means in the younger males with fragile X problem and you will Off syndrome. Journal out of Address, Vocabulary, and Hearing Search, forty-two, 903–917.
(1983). A beneficial noninvasive acoustic approach using frequency perturbations and you can computer system-generated vocal-system molds. Journal from Address and you may Hearing Look, twenty-six, 304–314.
(1976). A diagnosis of the anatomic variations in peoples trisomy predicated on dissections regarding 21- and you can 18-trisomes. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). College or university regarding Wisconsin-Madison
(1980). Anatomical data of your own developmental aftereffects of aneuploidy during the kid: New Down syndrome. Western Log away from Medical Family genes, 5, 399–420.
(2007). Metric studies of one’s difficult palate in children which have Off disorder: A relative analysis. Down Disorder Look and exercise, twelve, 55–59.
(1988). What event of kids which have Down’s disorder old 12 to help you 16 many years. Child Words Teaching and you may Treatment, cuatro, 311–324.
(2009). With the dating anywhere between palate profile and articulatory choices. The fresh Record of the Acoustical Neighborhood away from The usa, 125, 3936–3949.
(2002). Speech manufacturing problems when you look at the people that have and you will instead Off syndrome following verbal, created, and you can pictorial cues. Developmental Neuropsychology, 21, 157–172.
(2011). A review off articulatory working area area within the vowel production of people which have Off disorder. Health-related Linguistics Phonetics, 25, 321–334. doi:47
(2007). Phonetic intelligibility analysis from inside the adults which have Off syndrome. Off Problem Browse Routine: The newest Journal of your own Sarah Duffen Centre/College or university off Portsmouth, a dozen, 230–239.
(1999). Phonological good sense skills within the four year old British youngsters: An evaluation and normative analysis. Global Log out of Words and you may Communications Problems, 34, 311–335.
(2003). A several-year longitudinal examination of palatal plate procedures in children having Off syndrome: Outcomes on the dental system function, articulation and you may telecommunications needs. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 61, 39–46.